boom vang

A line that adjusts the downward tension on the boom. It usually extends from the boom to near the base of the mast.
pneumatic carbon vang

bowsprit

The bowsprit of a sailing vessel is a pole extending forward from the vessel's prow. It provides an anchor point for the forestay(s), allowing the fore-mast to be stepped further forward on the hull
carbon bowsprit , carbon masts

chock

A guide for a docking, mooring or anchor line attached to the deck.

cleat

A metal fitting to which a rope is belayed.

fairlead

A deck fitting used to change the direction of a working line without excessive friction or chaffing.

furling boom

da fare
carbon furling boom

gaff

A spar that supports the head of a sail.

genoa

A large foresail (jib) that overlaps the mainsail. It's also sometimes called a genny and is the largest jib sail.

gooseneck

A fitting that connects the boom to the mast.

halyard

A line used to raise and lower a sail.

jib

A foresail.

mainsail

A mainsail is the most important sail raised from the main (or only) masts of a sailing vessel. On a square rigged vessel, it is the lowest and largest sail on the main mast. On a fore-and-aft rigged vessel, it is the lowest and largest and often the only sail rigged aft of the main mast, and is controlled along its foot by a spar known as the boom.

mainsheet

The line that controls the boom.

mast

A spar placed vertically in a boat to hold up the sails, booms and gaffs.
carbon masts
aluminium masts

outhaul

The line that adjusts tension along the foot of the sail by pulling the clew of the mainsail towards the end of the boom.

prepeg carbon


rake


reef

To temporarily reduce the area of a sail exposed to the wind, usually to guard against adverse effects of strong wind or to slow the vessel.

rig

The combination of mast(s), boom(s), sail(s) and rigging used to propel a sailboat.
rigging

sail plan

A sail plan is a formal set of drawings, usually prepared by a naval architect. It shows the various combinations of sail proposed for a sailing ship.

spar

A wooden or metal pole used to support a sail, such as a mast or a boom.

spinnaker

A large, light sail flown form the mast in front of all other sails and the forestay for sailing downwind.

spreaders

Struts used to hold the shrouds away from the mast.

tipcups

to do
rigging

vang

see boom vang

winch

A mechanical device used to assist in trimming the sails.

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