New Carbon Rod Rigging
We make rigging in wire and rod and we have three types of presses to suit any kind of rigging work. We are also able to modify rigging on yachts whilst they are moored on the quayside outside our workshops. We are able to manufacture all types of rigging accessories in any size from tip cups to double back stays .
The regulation of a yacht's mast after masting and before commencing navigation is called pre-tensioning.
Why pretension the yachts rigging ?
Without entering into the merits of pretensioning which depend on and vary according to each sail plan and rigging but I would like to put forward that in general the V1 and D1 have a higher load with respect to diagonal intermediaries which operate under much lower loads.
The Mast Jack is both useful and important for regulating the mast and obtaining the desired pre-tensioning and allows the load to be removed without losing the regulationof the rigging.
The use of the lifting piston is both useful and efficient for the mast's regulation, however applying load without due care and attention can damage the mast and structure of the yacht. For large vessels it can be said that this system is indespensible for their correct regulation.
The max load to apply on the piston must never exceed 20/25% of the max load allowed on the rigging and must be specified by the mast make for each type of yacht.
Important details for the correct regulation of the piston (Mast Jack).
The use of a piston jack is a very efficient method of regulating the yacht mast., however care must be taken when applying the load to avoid damage to the mast and/or boat structure. For large sailing vessels one can say that a mast jack is essential for correct mast regulation.
The maximum load to apply to the piston must not exceed 20% of the maximum load that can be applied to the rigging and should be specified for each vessel by the manufacturer.
Important data to consider when regulating the mast jack.
There are two separate systems of lifting by mast jack:
Ensure that the foot of the mast, when resting, touches on all it's perimeter both fore and aft in order to distribute the load uniformly along the profile surface.
NEVER USE THE MAST JACK UNDER SAIL BECAUSE THE PISTON LOAD IS COMBINED WITH THE LOAD OF THE MAST UNDER SAIL WITH THE POSSIBILITY THAT THE MAX WORKING LOAD COULD BE SURPASSED WITH POSSIBLE DAMAGE TO THE BOAT STRUCTURE AND MAST.
(possible damage is the collapse of the mast base, breakage of the lande zone, delamination of the strengthened parts used for the attachment of rigging and the like)
Suggestions for maintenance of the mast:
All masts whether racing or cruising require periodic maintenance.
As with the car which requires engine maintenance every 10000 - 15000 Km, or for planes which require regular maintenance every 30000 h of flying time or 60 months (complete rebuild). Following the same logic every 3-4 years a yacht should be demasted, the rigging disassembled, and all the high load steel parts, pulleys, bolts and other fittings etc. should be checked.
A different system is used for the rigging:
Disassembly of the rigging, cleaning of all components, removal of all oxidisation and a visual check to determine the presence of cracks are the first rules for careful inspection.
The rigging terminals should be carefully checked, they should be integral without cracks or breakages. It is necessary to check that no strands are broken and that there is no wear on touching parts.
Sometimes this is not enough.
The rigging accessories are subject to various types of wear and tear, many very difficult to identify. Immagine a piece of wire cable which is bent one way and then the other, after a few cycles it breaks. The rigging, if in a different way, is subject to the same principles.
To understand better the problem as a unit of measurement we assume the number of cycles (40,000) which the terminals can withstand and this depends on various factors: form the use of that piece of rigging to the ageing and quality of the material used in it's construction.
The rigging must be changed if the boat is used continuously for 2 to 3 years or after 10 years if usage is around two to three months a year.
There is no formula to adhere to, or calculations to make, with time the material ages, it's structure changes it can fail without warning.
Even for spiral cable and rod the same principle applies.
For aluminium masts of 20 years or more one must consider that it has reached 80% of it's useful life. Once again many factors are involved including the amount of oxidization, the type of use and maintenance history. Alumium, with time, is not stable from a metalurgical poit of view. This is further complicated in a saline environment further reducing trhe practical life of the mast.
All this falls with the programmed ordinary maintenance which every owner should follow for the mast and sailing equipment the ensure the safe us of his vessel.
All this is part of the ordinary maintenance that every owner should make for the mast fittings on his vessel.
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